Leveraging Viscous Peeling to Create and Activate Soft Actuators and Microfluidic Devices

Lior Salem, Benny Gamus, Yizhar Or, Amir D. Gat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The research fields of microfluidics and soft robotics both involve complex small-scale internal channel networks, embedded within a solid structure. This study examines leveraging viscous peeling as a mechanism to create and activate soft actuators and microchannel networks, including complex elements such as valves, without the need for fabrication of structures with micron-scale internal cavities. We consider configurations composed of an internal slender structure embedded within another elastic solid. Pressurized viscous fluid is introduced into the interface between the two solids, thus peeling the two elastic structures and creating internal cavities. Since the gap between the solids is determined by the externally applied pressure, the characteristic size of the fluid network may vary with time and be much smaller than the resolution of the fabrication method. This study presents a model for the highly nonlinear elastic-viscous dynamics governing the flow and deformation of such configurations. Fabrication and experimental demonstrations of micron-scale valves and channel networks created from millimeter scale structures are presented, as well as the transient dynamics of viscous peeling-based soft actuators. The experimental data are compared with the suggested model, showing very good agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)76-84
Number of pages9
JournalSoft Robotics
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2020


  • fluid-structure interaction
  • microfluidics
  • soft robotics
  • viscous flow

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Biophysics
  • Artificial Intelligence


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