Lattice match between coexisting cubic and tetragonal phases in PMN-PT at the phase transition

Ido Biran, Alexei Bosak, Zuo Guang Ye, Igor Levin, Semën Gorfman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

(1−x)Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-xPbTiO3 (PMN-PT) perovskite-like solid solutions are recognized for their outstanding electromechanical properties, which are of technological importance. However, some significant aspects of the crystal structures and domain assemblages in this system and the role of these characteristics in defining the functional performance of PMN-PT remain uncertain. Here, we used synchrotron x-ray diffraction to investigate the phase transition linking the paraelectric (cubic) and ferroelectric (tetragonal) phases in a single crystal of 0.65PMN-0.35PT. We analyzed the evolution of reciprocal-space maps across this transition. These maps were collected using small temperature step (1 K) and a high reciprocal-space resolution to reveal changes in the splitting of Bragg peaks caused by the formation of ferroelastic domains in the low-symmetry phase. Our results uncovered a two-phase state, cubic plus tetragonal phases, which exists over a narrow temperature range of only ≈4 K and exhibits a thermal hysteresis of ≈1.8 K. Remarkably, within this state, the lattice parameter of the cubic phase, a C , matches the orientational average of the lattice parameters for the tetragonal polymorph, 2 3 a T + 1 3 c T . We discuss the implications of this matching, highlighting the possibility of it being realized by the formation of an assemblage of tetragonal twin domains separated from the cubic phase by a strain-free {110} boundary, as in the “adaptive phase” but without domain miniaturization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number242901
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume124
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Jun 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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