Kondo effect and spin–orbit coupling in graphene quantum dots

Annika Kurzmann, Yaakov Kleeorin, Chuyao Tong, Rebekka Garreis, Angelika Knothe, Marius Eich, Christopher Mittag, Carolin Gold, Folkert Kornelis de Vries, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Vladimir Fal’ko, Yigal Meir, Thomas Ihn, Klaus Ensslin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Kondo effect is a cornerstone in the study of strongly correlated fermions. The coherent exchange coupling of conduction electrons to local magnetic moments gives rise to a Kondo cloud that screens the impurity spin. Here we report on the interplay between spin–orbit interaction and the Kondo effect, that can lead to a underscreened Kondo effects in quantum dots in bilayer graphene. More generally, we introduce a different experimental platform for studying Kondo physics. In contrast to carbon nanotubes, where nanotube chirality determines spin–orbit coupling breaking the SU(4) symmetry of the electronic states relevant for the Kondo effect, we study a planar carbon material where a small spin–orbit coupling of nominally flat graphene is enhanced by zero-point out-of-plane phonons. The resulting two-electron triplet ground state in bilayer graphene dots provides a route to exploring the Kondo effect with a small spin–orbit interaction.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number6004
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Physics and Astronomy


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