Kinetics of Decomposition of Thiocyanate in Natural Aquatic Systems

Irina Kurashova, Itay Halevy, Alexey Kamyshny

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Rates of thiocyanate degradation were measured in waters and sediments of marine and limnic systems under various redox conditions, oxic, anoxic (nonsulfidic, nonferruginous, nonmanganous), ferruginous, sulfidic, and manganous, for up to 200-day period at micromolar concentrations of thiocyanate. The decomposition rates in natural aquatic systems were found to be controlled by microbial processes under both oxic and anoxic conditions. The Michaelis-Menten model was applied for description of the decomposition kinetics. The decomposition rate in the sediments was found to be higher than in the water samples. Under oxic conditions, thiocyanate degradation was faster than under anaerobic conditions. In the presence of hydrogen sulfide, the decomposition rate increased compared to anoxic nonsulfidic conditions, whereas in the presence of iron(II) or manganese(II), the rate decreased. Depending on environmental conditions, half-lives of thiocyanate in sediments and water columns were in the ranges of hours to few dozens of days, and from days to years, respectively. Application of kinetic parameters presented in this research allows estimation of rates of thiocyanate cycling and its concentrations in the Archean ocean.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1234-1243
Number of pages10
JournalEnvironmental Science and Technology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 6 Feb 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry


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