Kinetic adaptation of human Myo19 for active mitochondrial transport to growing filopodia tips

Marko Ušaj, Arnon Henn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Myosins are actin-based molecular motors which are enzymatically adapted for their cellular functions such as transportation and membrane tethering. Human Myo19 affects mitochondrial motility, and promotes their localization to stress-induced filopodia. Therefore, studying Myo19 enzymology is essential to understand how this motor may facilitate mitochondrial motility. Towards this goal, we have purified Myo19 motor domain (Myo19-3IQ) from a human-cell expression system and utilized transient kinetics to study the Myo19-3IQ ATPase cycle. We found that Myo19-3IQ exhibits noticeable conformational changes (isomerization steps) preceding both ATP and ADP binding, which may contribute to nucleotide binding regulation. Notably, the ADP isomerization step and subsequent ADP release contribute significantly to the rate-limiting step of the Myo19-3IQ ATPase cycle. Both the slow ADP isomerization and ADP release prolong the time Myo19-3IQ spend in the strong actin binding state and hence contribute to its relatively high duty ratio. However, the predicted duty ratio is lower than required to support motility as a monomer. Therefore, it may be that several Myo19 motors are required to propel mitochondria movement on actin filaments efficiently. Finally, we provide a model explaining how Myo19 translocation may be regulated by the local ATP/ADP ratio, coupled to the mitochondria presence in the filopodia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number11596
Pages (from-to)11596
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 14 Sep 2017


  • Adenosine Diphosphate/metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism
  • Adenosine Triphosphate/metabolism
  • Biological Transport
  • Biomarkers
  • Enzyme Activation
  • Gene Expression
  • Humans
  • Hydrolysis
  • Kinetics
  • Mitochondria/genetics
  • Mutation
  • Myosins/genetics
  • Protein Binding
  • Pseudopodia/genetics

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General


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