Israel: Features of injustice in the context of educational opportunities

Audrey Addi-Raccah, Moshe Israelashvili

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


Israel is a young state characterized by a mosaic of different social, ethnic, cultural, and religious groups and awareness of topics of justice and equality. As a reflection of Israel's heterogeneous society, the educational system is subdivided into segregated sectors, based on ethnicity as well as cultural-social grounds that yield different educational outcomes. Based on a large-scale dataset and reports, we demonstrate that the differences between the educational sectors should be attributed mainly to socioeconomic factors, rather than ethnic or religious differences only. Many efforts have been devoted to decreasing these gaps, ranging from revised state policies to specific interventions. Nevertheless, the socioeconomic gaps persist. Given the diversity of Israel's population, we suggest moving away from a standardized approach that pursues distributive justice, which addresses educational gaps as a deficit in disadvantaged groups, into an approach that pursues procedural justice, which can be implemented through an edumetric approach. This edumetric approach calls for a more sophisticated approach to students' evaluation that explores new ways to identify those students whose academic abilities are not yet represented in their current academic achievements, and finding new ways to turn their personal capital into positive development.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSocial Justice for Children and Young People
Subtitle of host publicationInternational Perspectives
EditorsCaroline S. Clauss-Ehlers, Aradhana Bela Sood, Mark D. Weist
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages16
ISBN (Electronic)9781108551830
ISBN (Print)9781108427685
StatePublished - 27 Aug 2020


  • Distributive justice
  • Diversity
  • Educational achievements
  • Edumetric approach
  • Procedural justice
  • Socioeconomic factors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Social Sciences


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