Intrinsically disordered regions of the Msn2 transcription factor encode multiple functions using interwoven sequence grammars

Vladimir Mindel, Sagie Brodsky, Aileen Cohen, Wajd Manadre, Felix Jonas, Miri Carmi, Naama Barkai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) are abundant in eukaryotic proteins, but their sequence-function relationship remains poorly understood. IDRs of transcription factors (TFs) can direct promoter selection and recruit coactivators, as shown for the budding yeast TF Msn2. To examine how IDRs encode both these functions, we compared genomic binding specificity, coactivator recruitment, and gene induction amongst a large set of designed Msn2-IDR mutants. We find that both functions depend on multiple regions across the > 600AA IDR. Yet, transcription activity was readily disrupted by mutations that showed no effect on the Msn2 binding specificity. Our data attribute this differential sensitivity to the integration of a relaxed, composition-based code directing binding specificity with a more stringent, motif-based code controlling the recruitment of coactivators and transcription activity. Therefore, Msn2 utilizes interwoven sequence grammars for encoding multiple functions, suggesting a new IDR design paradigm of potentially general use.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)gkad1191
Number of pages13
JournalNucleic acids research
DOIs
StatePublished - 18 Dec 2023

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