Intermediate phase between jammed and unjammed amorphous solids

Yuliang Jin, Itamar Procaccia, Tuhin Samanta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A significant amount of attention was dedicated in recent years to the phenomenon of jamming of athermal amorphous solids by increasing the volume fraction of the microscopic constituents. At a critical value of the volume fraction, pressure shoots up from zero to finite values with a host of critical exponents discovered and discussed. In this paper, we advance evidence for the existence of a second transition, within the jammed state of two-dimensional granular systems, that separates two regimes of different mechanical responses. Explicitly, highly packed systems are quasielastic with quadrupole screening, and more loosely jammed systems exhibit anomalous mechanics with dipole screening. Evidence is given for a clear transition between these two regimes, reminiscent of the intermediate hexatic phase of crystal melting in two-dimensional crystals. Theoretical estimates of the screening parameters and the pressure where transition takes place are provided.

Original languageEnglish
Article number014902
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review E
Volume109
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
  • Statistics and Probability
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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