Interaction between surface blowing and re-entrant jet in active control of hydrofoil cavitation

Chandra Shekhar Pant, Steven H. Frankel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Numerically simulations were performed to study the effect of active flow control (through steady blowing) on unsteady cavitation over a modified scaled-down Francis turbine (hydrofoil). Large eddy simulations (LES) using a one-equation subgrid-scale model and the Sauer & Schnerr cavitation model, all available in OpenFOAM, served as the main numerical tool for the study. An angle of attack of 9° and a cavitation number σ=1.56 were chosen for study. The dynamics of the re-entrant jet and its role in the shedding of the cavitation sheet were elucidated. For active flow control, wall jet injection through a slot on the top surface of hydrofoil was considered for two different injection velocities of Uinj=0.88U0 and Uinj=1.42U0, where U0 is the inflow velocity. Quantitative comparisons to previously published measured data were used for model validation. It was found that the interaction of the re-entrant jet with the wall jet causes large fluctuations in pressure, thereby counteracting the local rise in pressure due to the wall jet. Thus, the effectiveness of wall jet injection to mitigate cavitation is limited under the operating conditions studied here.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110087
JournalOcean Engineering
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2021


  • Active flow control
  • Large Eddy Simulation
  • Unsteady intermittent cavitation
  • Wall jet injection

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ocean Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering


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