Imaging through diffuse media using multi-mode vortex beams and deep learning

Ganesh M Balasubramaniam, Netanel Biton, Shlomi Arnon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Optical imaging through diffuse media is a challenging issue and has attracted applications in many fields such as biomedical imaging, non-destructive testing, and computer-assisted surgery. However, light interaction with diffuse media leads to multiple scattering of the photons in the angular and spatial domain, severely degrading the image reconstruction process. In this article, a novel method to image through diffuse media using multiple modes of vortex beams and a new deep learning network named "LGDiffNet" is derived. A proof-of-concept numerical simulation is conducted using this method, and the results are experimentally verified. In this technique, the multiple modes of Gaussian and Laguerre-Gaussian beams illuminate the displayed digits dataset number, and the beams are then propagated through the diffuser before being captured on the beam profiler. Furthermore, we investigated whether imaging through diffuse media using multiple modes of vortex beams instead of Gaussian beams improves the imaging system's imaging capability and enhances the network's reconstruction ability. Our results show that illuminating the diffuser using vortex beams and employing the "LGDiffNet" network provides enhanced image reconstruction compared to existing modalities. An enhancement of ~ 1 dB, in terms of PSNR, is achieved using this method when a highly scattering diffuser of grit 220 and width 2 mm (7.11 times the mean free path) is used. No additional optimizations or reference beams were used in the imaging system, revealing the robustness of the "LGDiffNet" network and the adaptability of the imaging system for practical applications in medical imaging.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number1561
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
StatePublished - 28 Jan 2022


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