Identification of individual exosome-like vesicles by surface enhanced raman spectroscopy

Stephan Stremersch, Monica Marro, Bat El Pinchasik, Pieter Baatsen, An Hendrix, Stefaan C. De Smedt, Pablo Loza-Alvarez, Andre G. Skirtach, Koen Raemdonck, Kevin Braeckmans

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Exosome-like vesicles (ELVs) are a novel class of biomarkers that are receiving a lot of attention for the detection of cancer at an early stage. In this study the feasibility of using a surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) based method to distinguish between ELVs derived from different cellular origins is evaluated. A gold nanoparticle based shell is deposited on the surface of ELVs derived from cancerous and healthy cells, which enhances the Raman signal while maintaining a colloidal suspension of individual vesicles. This nanocoating allows the recording of SERS spectra from single vesicles. By using partial least squares discriminant analysis on the obtained spectra, vesicles from different origin can be distinguished, even when present in the same mixture. This proof-of-concept study paves the way for noninvasive (cancer) diagnostic tools based on exosomal SERS fingerprinting in combination with multivariate statistical analysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3292-3301
Number of pages10
JournalSmall
Volume12
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2016
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Chemistry
  • Biotechnology
  • General Materials Science
  • Biomaterials

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