Objectives: To evaluate the longitudinal evolution of work productivity loss and activity impairment in caregivers of children with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We also evaluated the associations between these impairments, IBD-related factors, and caregivers’ health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and estimated the indirect costs related to work absenteeism. Study design: Since January 2017, children with newly diagnosed IBD were enrolled prospectively in the Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease Network for Safety, Efficacy, Treatment and Quality improvement of care study. The impact of pediatric-onset IBD on caregivers' socioeconomic functioning (work and daily activities) and HRQOL was assessed using the Work Productivity and Activity Impairment for caregivers questionnaire and the European Quality of Life Five Dimension Five Level questionnaire, at diagnosis and 3 and 12 months of age. Generalized estimating equation models were applied to evaluate outcomes longitudinally, adjusted for IBD type, disease activity, and child's age at diagnosis. Results: Up to July 2021, 491 children with IBD were eligible for analysis of caregivers' Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire. At diagnosis, the mean caregivers' employment rate was 78.4%; the adjusted mean work productivity loss was 44.6% (95% CI, 40.2%-49.0%), and the adjusted mean activity impairment was 34.3% (95% CI, 30.8%-37.7%). Work productivity loss and activity impairment significantly decreased over time and were associated with disease activity, but not with IBD type or child's age. Caregivers' HRQOL was associated with both impairments. Costs related to work absenteeism were at least €6272 ($7276) per patient during the first year after diagnosis. Conclusions: Caregivers of children with IBD experience significant impairments in work and daily activities, especially at diagnosis. The impact decreases thereafter and is associated with disease activity and caregivers’ HRQOL. Work absenteeism results in high indirect costs.
- Crohn's disease
- health economics
- ulcerative colitis
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health