Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the relationship between nurse–patient-initiated participation, nurses' attitudes towards patient's participation, and patients' adherence to treatment. Specifically, to (1) explore nurse–patient participation during haemodialysis and quantify the information into measurable indices; (2) determine the haemodialysis patient's adherence to treatment; (3) describe nurses' attitudes towards patient participation; and (4) establish the relationships between nurse–patient-initiated participation, nurses' attitudes towards patient participation and patients' adherence to treatment. Background: To improve haemodialysis patients' health, it is crucial to identify nurses' and patients' factors facilitating adherence to treatment. Design: An exploratory-sequential mixed-methods (quantitative and qualitative) design. Methods: All nurses working at a dialysis ward (n = 30) and their randomly selected patients (n = 102) participated. Qualitative data on nurse–patient-initiated participation were derived from transcribed nurse–patient conversations and quantified for further analyses. Nurses' attitudes towards patient participation were collected via questionnaire, and adherence to treatment via observed reduction in prescribed haemodialysis time. [CONSORT-SPI guidelines]. Results: Content analysis of the conversations indicated that nurse-initiated participation focused on patient's medical condition, treatment plan and education; while patients initiated more small talk. Non-adherence to treatment was significant (Mean = 0.19 h; SD = 0.33). Regression analyses indicated that nurses' attitude towards participation was negatively linked to patient adherence, while patient–nurse-initiated participation was unrelated. Nurses' attitudes towards patient participation moderated the relationship between nurse–patient-initiated participation and patient adherence: the more positive the attitude towards inclusion the more negative the link between patient or nurse-initiated participation and patient adherence. Conclusions: The findings provided paradoxical insights: Nurses' positive attitudes towards participation lead them to accept the patient's position for shortening haemodialysis treatment, so that adherence to care decreases. Relevance to clinical practice: Nurses require education on negotiating methods to help achieve patient adherence while respecting the patient's opinion. Patients should be educated how to approach nurses, seeking the information they need.
- haemodialysis treatment
- nurse-initiated participation
- nurses' attitudes
- patient-initiated participation
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes