Growth and nonlinear response of driven water bells

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A water bell forms when a fluid jet impacts upon a target and separates into a two-dimensional sheet. Depending on the angle of separation from the target, the sheet can curve into a variety of different geometries. We show analytically that harmonic perturbations of water bells have linear wave solutions with geometry-dependent growth. We test the predictions of this model experimentally with a custom target system, and observe growth in agreement with the model below a critical forcing amplitude. Once the critical forcing amplitude is exceeded, a nonlinear transcritical bifurcation occurs; the response amplitude increases linearly with increasing forcing amplitude, albeit with a fundamentally different spatial form, and distinct nodes appear in the amplitude envelope.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number042401
Number of pages10
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Issue number4
StatePublished - 6 Apr 2017

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computational Mechanics
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


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