Gene expression modulation by the linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton complex contributes to proteostasis

Amir Levine, Danielle Grushko, Ehud Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Cellular mechanisms that act in concert to maintain protein homeostasis (proteostasis) are vital for organismal functionality and survival. Nevertheless, subsets of aggregation-prone proteins form toxic aggregates (proteotoxicity) that in some cases, underlie the development of neurodegenerative diseases. Proteotoxic aggregates are often deposited in the vicinity of the nucleus, a process that is cytoskeleton-dependent. Accordingly, cytoskeletal dysfunction contributes to pathological hallmarks of various neurodegenerative diseases. Here, we asked whether the linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton (LINC) complex, which bridges these filaments across the nuclear envelope, is needed for the maintenance of proteostasis. Employing model nematodes, we discovered that knocking down LINC components impairs the ability of the worm to cope with proteotoxicity. Knocking down anc-1, which encodes a key component of the LINC complex, modulates the expression of transcription factors and E3 ubiquitin ligases, thereby affecting the rates of protein ubiquitination and impairing proteasome-mediated protein degradation. Our results establish a link between the LINC complex, protein degradation, and neurodegeneration-associated proteotoxicity.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere13047
JournalAging Cell
Volume18
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2019

Keywords

  • linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton
  • neurodegeneration
  • protein aggregation
  • proteostasis

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ageing
  • Cell Biology

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