Functionality and stability analysis of a 400 mV quasi-static RAM (QSRAM) bitcell

Adam Teman, Anatoli Mordakhay, Alexander Fish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The development of low-voltage SRAM bitcells with ultra-low static power consumption has become a primary focus of memory design in recent years. The analysis of these bitcells requires the evaluation of dynamic noise margin metrics in addition to the traditional static noise margins. In this paper, we extend the presentation of our recently proposed quasi-static RAM (QSRAM) cell that employs an aggressive internal feedback technique for leakage suppression. In addition to the presentation of the QSRAM circuit topology and operation, a broad stability analysis of the cell is introduced, proving the functionality and bi-stability of the bitcell. Many of the recently proposed dynamic stability metrics used in this analysis have been demonstrated on standard SRAM bitcells; however, this is one of the first times these metrics have been used to analyze the functionality of an alternative implementation. Functionality of the proposed bitcell is shown for a sub-threshold 400 mV supply voltage, providing a typical leakage reduction of 21X-45X as compared to a standard two-port bitcell operating at its nominal voltage. An 8 kb QSRAM array was implemented and fabricated in a commercial low-power 40 nm process demonstrating full functionality and ultra-low power consumption under a sub-threshold 400 mV supply.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-247
Number of pages12
JournalMicroelectronics Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2013


  • CMOS memory integrated circuits
  • Leakage suppression
  • SRAM
  • Sub-threshold SRAM
  • Ultra low power

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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