Functional defects in hiPSCs-derived cardiomyocytes from patients with a PLEKHM2-mutation associated with dilated cardiomyopathy and left ventricular non-compaction

Nataly Korover, Sharon Etzion, Alexander Cherniak, Tatiana Rabinski, Aviva Levitas, Yoram Etzion, Rivka Ofir, Ruti Parvari, Smadar Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a primary myocardial disease, leading to heart failure and excessive risk of sudden cardiac death with rather poorly understood pathophysiology. In 2015, Parvari's group identified a recessive mutation in the autophagy regulator, PLEKHM2 gene, in a family with severe recessive DCM and left ventricular non-compaction (LVNC). Fibroblasts isolated from these patients exhibited abnormal subcellular distribution of endosomes, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes and had impaired autophagy flux. To better understand the effect of mutated PLEKHM2 on cardiac tissue, we generated and characterized induced pluripotent stem cells-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CMs) from two patients and a healthy control from the same family. The patient iPSC-CMs showed low expression levels of genes encoding for contractile functional proteins (α and β-myosin heavy chains and 2v and 2a-myosin light chains), structural proteins integral to heart contraction (Troponin C, T and I) and proteins participating in Ca2+ pumping action (SERCA2 and Calsequestrin 2) compared to their levels in control iPSC-derived CMs. Furthermore, the sarcomeres of the patient iPSC-CMs were less oriented and aligned compared to control cells and generated slowly beating foci with lower intracellular calcium amplitude and abnormal calcium transient kinetics, measured by IonOptix system and MuscleMotion software. Autophagy in patient’s iPSC-CMs was impaired as determined from a decrease in the accumulation of autophagosomes in response to chloroquine and rapamycin treatment, compared to control iPSC-CMs. Impairment in autophagy together with the deficiency in the expression of NKX2.5, MHC, MLC, Troponins and CASQ2 genes, which are related to contraction-relaxation coupling and intracellular Ca2+ signaling, may contribute to the defective function of the patient CMs and possibly affect cell maturation and cardiac failure with time.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number34
JournalBiological Research
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 23 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Autophagy
  • Cardiomyocytes
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Fibrosis
  • Induced pluripotent stem cell
  • MRI

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Biochemistry,Genetics and Molecular Biology
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences

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