French Colonial Rule

Ruth Ginio, Jennifer Sessions

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingEntry for encyclopedia/dictionarypeer-review


The French presence in Africa dates to the 17th century, but the main period of colonial expansion came in the 19th century with the invasion of Ottoman Algiers in 1830, conquests in West and Equatorial Africa during the so-called scramble for Africa and the establishment of protectorates in Tunisia and Morocco in the decades before the First World War. To these were added parts of German Togo and Cameroon, assigned to France as League of Nations mandates after the war...
Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationOxford Bibliographies
PublisherOxford University Press
StatePublished - Feb 2016


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