Fractional Conductance in Strongly Interacting 1D Systems

Gal Shavit, Yuval Oreg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We study one-dimensional clean systems with few channels and strong electron-electron interactions. We find that in several circumstances, even when time-reversal symmetry holds, they may lead to two-terminal fractional quantized conductance and fractional shot noise. The condition on the commensurability of the Fermi momenta of the different channels and the strength of the interactions resulting in such remarkable phenomena are explored using Abelian bosonization. Finite temperature and length effects are accounted for by a generalization of the Luther-Emery refermionization at specific values of the interaction strength, in the strongly interacting regime. We discuss the connection of our model to recent experiments in a confined two-dimensional electron gas, featuring possible fractional conductance plateaus, including situations with a zero magnetic field, when time-reversal symmetry is conserved. One of the most dominant observed fractions, with two-terminal conductance equal to 2/5 (e(2)/h), is found in several scenarios of our model. Finally, we discuss how at very small energy scales the conductance returns to an integer value and the role of disorder.
Original languageEnglish
Article number036803
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical review letters
Issue number3
StatePublished - 18 Jul 2019


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