Fractional chiral superconductors

Eran Sagi, Arbel Haim, Erez Berg, Felix von Oppen, Yuval Oreg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Two-dimensional p(x) + ip(y) topological superconductors host gapless Majorana edge modes, as well as Majorana bound states at the core of h/2e vortices. Here we establish the possibility of realizing the fractional counterpart of this phase: a fractional chiral superconductor. This exotic phase is shown to give rise to a plethora of non-Abelian bulk excitations and a chiral Z(2m) parafermion theory on the edge of the sample, where m is an odd integer. In addition, we demonstrate that Z(2m) parafermionic bound states reside at the cores of h/2e vortices. In certain geometries, the system can support a fractional Josephson junction with 4 pi m periodicity, reflecting the underlying non-Abelian excitations. Finally, we show that the tunneling density of states associated with this edge theory exhibits an anomalous energy dependence of the form omega(m-1). Our results are demonstrated through an explicit tractable model, composed of an array of coupled Rashba wires in the presence of strong interactions, Zeeman field, and proximity coupling to an s-wave superconductor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number235144
Number of pages12
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number23
StatePublished - 26 Dec 2017


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