Fast universal two-qubit gate for neutral fermionic atoms in optical tweezers

Jonathan Nemirovsky, Yoav Sagi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

An array of ultracold neutral atoms held in optical microtraps is a promising platform for quantum computation. One of the major bottlenecks of this platform is the weak coupling strength between adjacent atoms, which limits the speed of two-qubit gates. Here, we present a method to perform a fast universal SWAP gate with fermionic atoms that interact through a short-range potential. The basic idea of the gate is to release the atoms into a harmonic potential positioned in between the two atoms. By properly tailoring the interaction parameter, the collision process between the atoms generates entanglement and yields the desired gate. We prove analytically that in the limit of broad atomic wave packets, the fidelity of the gate approaches unity. We demonstrate numerically that with typical experimental parameters, our gate can operate on a microsecond timescale and achieves a fidelity higher than 0.998. Moreover, the gate duration is independent of the initial distance between the atoms. A gate with such features is an important milestone towards all-to-all connectivity and fault tolerance in quantum computation with neutral atoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number013113
JournalPHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 8 Feb 2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Physics and Astronomy

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