Explaining the morphology of supernova remnant (SNR) 1987A with the jittering jets explosion mechanism

Ealeal Bear, Noam Soker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We find that the remnant of supernova (SN) 1987A shares some morphological features with four supernova remnants (SNRs) that have signatures of shaping by jets, and from that we strengthen the claim that jets played a crucial role in the explosion of SN 1987A. Some of the morphological features appear also in planetary nebulae (PNe) where jets are observed. The clumpy ejecta brings us to support the claim that the jittering jets explosion mechanism can account for the structure of the remnant of SN 1987A, i.e. SNR 1987A. We conduct a preliminary attempt to quantify the fluctuations in the angular momentum of the mass that is accreted on to the newly born neutron star via an accretion disc or belt. The accretion disc/belt launches jets that explode core collapse supernovae (CCSNe). The relaxation time of the accretion disc/belt is comparable to the duration of a typicalfigu jet-launching episode in the jittering jets explosion mechanism, and hence the disc/belt has no time to relax. We suggest that this might explain the two unequal opposite jets that later lead to the unequal sides of the elongated structures in some SNRs of CCSNe. We reiterate our earlier call for a paradigm shift from a neutrino-driven explosion to a jet-driven explosion of CCSNe.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-691
Number of pages10
Issue number1
StatePublished - 21 Jul 2018


  • ISM: Supernova remnants
  • Supernovae: General

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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