Explaining iPTF14hls as a common-envelope jets supernova

Noam Soker, Avishai Gilkis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We propose a common-envelope jets supernova scenario for the enigmatic supernova iPTF14hls where a neutron star that spirals-in inside the envelope of a massive giant star accretes mass and launches jets that power the ejection of the circumstellar shell and a few weeks later the explosion itself. To account for the kinetic energy of the circumstellar gas and the explosion, the neutron star should accrete a mass of ~0.3M. The tens× M of circumstellar gas that accounts for some absorption lines is ejected, while the neutron star orbits for about one to several weeks inside the envelope of the giant star. In the last hours of the interaction, the neutron star merges with the core, accretes mass, and launches jets that eject the core and the inner envelope to form the explosion itself and the medium where the supernova photosphere resides. The remaining neutron star accretes fallback gas and further powers the supernova. We attribute the 1954 pre-explosion outburst to an eccentric orbit and temporary mass accretion by the neutron star at periastron passage prior to the onset of the common envelope phase.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberstx3287
Pages (from-to)1198-1202
Number of pages5
Issue number1
StatePublished - 21 Mar 2018


  • Binaries: Close
  • Galaxies: Jets
  • Stars: Jets
  • Supernovae: General

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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