Experimental study of fog and suspended water effects on the 5G millimeter wave communication channel

Ariel Etinger, Yosef Golovachev, Ofir Shoshanim, Gad A. Pinhasi, Yosef Pinhasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Controlled experiments were conducted to examine the effect of fog on signal propagation in wireless communication and radar links operating in millimeter wavelengths. The experiments were carried out in a fog laboratory to verify theoretical results obtained from Liebe’s model. Attenuation and phase shifts of millimeter wave (mmW) radiation were measured, at different fog density characterized by the visibility distance and its water vapor content. Utilizing a vector network analyzer (VNA) enabled us to examine the actual atmospheric attenuation and the phase shift caused by the fog retardation. The experimental results demonstrate good agreement with the simulations even for very low visibility in highly dense fog. The study can be used to estimate link budget of mmW wireless links, including those allocated for the fifth generation (5G) of cellular networks.

Original languageEnglish
Article number720
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2020


  • 5th generation of cellular communications (5G)
  • Antennas and propagation
  • Millimeter waves communications
  • The electromagnetic spectrum

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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