Experimental Dispersion identification using a fitted state-space model

Yoav Vered, Eyal Baruch, Izhak Bucher

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


An identification method that can estimate the dispersion relation of waveguides experimentally using an efficient and accurate procedure is presented. The method fits a linear state-space model before resorting to a kinematic wave model in the frequency region near the pre-identified natural frequencies. The eigenvectors, or mode-shapes, are computed at the sensor locations, and based on the reduced-Bloch mode expansion method, the propagation modes are fitted to match the identified vibration mode-shape at these frequencies. Classical methods to identify the dispersion relation from measured data can be computationally expensive and time-consuming, with limited accuracy in cases of multimode propagation. Results show that the fitted dynamic model expands the frequency range of obtained dispersion curves and enhances the speed of computation and accuracy. The method is derived and verified for both lumped and distributed systems, using numerical finite element simulation. Experimental verification is carried out on two acoustical waveguides. The first is a circular ring-shaped array of coupled Helmholtz resonators, modeled using a lumped parameter model. The second is an air-filled acoustic wave-tube that is modeled as a distributed acoustic-elastic coupled waveguide. The method's strengths and weaknesses are discussed from the experimentally obtained dispersion curves, and its main feature, the ability to fit the dispersion model of weak modes, is highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Article number116580
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
StatePublished - 20 Jan 2022


  • Dispersion curves
  • acoustic waves
  • experimental identification
  • meta-material

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics
  • Mechanical Engineering


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