Event-Triggered Load Frequency Control via Switching Approach

Sahaj Saxena, Emilia Fridman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Event-triggered control (ETC) is becoming increasingly popular in load frequency control (LFC) operation in power systems. So far, the existing literature has primarily focused on load disturbance rejection in face of communication delay without considering much on networked-induced measurement disturbances and messages sent. In this paper, we study the LFC operation as a problem of networked control system and propose, for the first time, an ETC based switching approach for frequency regulation. We derive delay-dependent conditions to obtain the lower bound on inter-event time during event-trigger mechanism which assures the robust stability under networked induced time-varying delays and measurement disturbance and reduction in the amount of sent measurements. The effectiveness of the proposed approach is verified via numerical examples based on single-, two-area power systems and single-area with electric vehicle (EV) participation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9108619
Pages (from-to)4484-4494
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2020


  • Event-triggered control
  • PI control
  • electric vehicles
  • periodic sampling
  • time-delays

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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