Estimation after Parameter Selection: Performance Analysis and Estimation Methods

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In many practical parameter estimation problems, prescreening and parameter selection are performed prior to estimation. In this paper, we consider the problem of estimating a preselected unknown deterministic parameter chosen from a parameter set based on observations according to a predetermined selection rule, Ψ. The data-based parameter selection process may impact the subsequent estimation by introducing a selection bias and creating coupling between decoupled parameters. This paper introduces a post-selection mean squared error (PSMSE) criterion as a performance measure. A corresponding Cramér-Rao-type bound on the PSMSE of any Ψ-unbiased estimator is derived, where the Ψ-unbiasedness is in the Lehmann-unbiasedness sense. The post-selection maximum-likelihood (PSML) estimator is presented. It is proved that if there exists an Ψ-unbiased estimator that achieves the Ψ-Cramér-Rao bound (CRB), i.e., an Ψ-efficient estimator, then it is produced by the PSML estimator. In addition, iterative methods are developed for the practical implementation of the PSML estimator. Finally, the proposed Ψ-CRB and PSML estimator are examined for exponential populations, a linear Gaussian model applicable in clinical research, and spectrum sensing in cognitive radio communication.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number7491362
Pages (from-to)5268-5281
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Issue number20
StatePublished - 15 Oct 2016


  • Lehmann unbiasedness
  • Non-Bayesian parameter estimation
  • estimation after parameter selection
  • post-selection maximum-likelihood (PSML)
  • Ψ-Cramér-Rao bound (Ψ-CRB)

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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