Eschatological seers and otherworldly travellers in zoroastrianism

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This article examines five eminent Zoroastrian characters associated with otherworldly and eschatological visions. Based on Pahlavi Middle Persian sources, the article aims to classify their mediumistic qualities and their ecstatic experiences according to the mode in which they were acquired, their duration, their effects, and their purpose. The author claims that in the Iranian and Zoroastrian tradition there is no unique model of a medium, but rather each one seems to exhibit different qualities and features. However, although the various ecstatic experiences do not have the exact same corresponding purposes, each one of these characters seems to play an apocalyptic and eschatological role in the Zoroastrian imagination.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)47-73
Number of pages27
JournalJournal Asiatique
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Ecstasy
  • Eschatology
  • Iran
  • Middle Persian
  • Otherworldly Journey
  • Zoroastrianism

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Cultural Studies
  • Language and Linguistics
  • History
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory


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