The Publisher regrets that this article is an accidental duplication of an article that has already been published in <Engineering fracture mechanics, 223 (2020) 106774>, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.engfracmech.2019.106774. The duplication is due to production error on the Publisher side. The duplicate article has therefore been withdrawn. The full Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal can be found at https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering