Electron pairing induced by repulsive interactions in tunable one-dimensional platforms

Gal Shavit, Yuval Oreg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present a scheme comprising a one-dimensional system with repulsive interactions, in which the formation of bound pairs can take place in an easily tunable fashion. By capacitively coupling a primary electronic quantum wire of interest to a secondary strongly correlated fermionic system, the intrinsic electron-electron repulsion may be overcome, promoting the formation of bound electron pairs in the primary wire. The intrinsic repulsive interactions tend to favor the formation of charge density waves of these pairs, yet we find that superconducting correlations are dominant in a limited parameter regime. Our analysis shows that the paired phase is stabilized in an intermediate region of phase space, encompassed by two additional phases: a decoupled phase, where the primary wire remains gapless, and a trion phase, where a primary electron pair binds a charge carrier from the secondary system. Tuning the strength of the primary-secondary interaction, as well as the chemical potential of the secondary system, one can control the different phase transitions. Our approach takes into account the interactions among the secondary degrees of freedom and strongly relies on their highly correlated nature. Extension of our proposal to two dimensions is discussed, and the conditions for a long-range superconducting order from repulsion only are found. Our physical description, given by a simple model with a minimal amount of ingredients, may help to shed some light on pairing mechanism in various low-dimensional strongly correlated materials.
Original languageEnglish
Article number043283
Number of pages15
JournalPHYSICAL REVIEW RESEARCH
Volume2
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 25 Nov 2020

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