Background: The present study evaluated the outcome of ridge augmentation with cancellous freeze-dried block bone allografts in the posterior atrophic mandible followed by placement of dental implants. Materials and Methods: A bony deficiency of at least 3mm, horizontally, vertically, or both, according to computerized tomography (CT) para-axial reconstruction served as inclusion criteria. Implants were inserted after a healing period of 6 months. Bone measurements were taken prior to bone augmentation, during implant placement, and at second-stage surgery. Marginal bone loss and crown-to-implant ratio were also measured. Results: Twenty-nine cancellous allogeneic bone blocks were placed in 21 patients. The mean follow-up was 37 months. Bone block survival rate was 79.3%. Mean horizontal and vertical bone gains were 5.6 and 4.3mm, respectively. Mean buccal bone resorption was 0.5mm at implant placement and 0.2mm at second-stage surgery. A total of 85 implants were placed. Mean bone thickness buccal to the implant neck was 2.5mm at implant placement and 2.3mm at second-stage surgery. There was no evidence of vertical bone loss between implant placement and second-stage surgery. Implant survival rate was 95.3%. All patients received a fixed implant-supported prosthesis. At the last follow-up, the mean marginal bone loss was 0.5mm. The mean crown-to-implant ratio was 0.96. Conclusion: Implant placement in the posterior atrophic mandible following augmentation with cancellous freeze-dried bone block allografts may be regarded as a viable treatment alternative.
- Cancellous block allograft
- Crown-to-implant ratio
- Posterior mandible
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Oral Surgery