Early-term deliveries and long-term pediatric ophthalmic morbidity of the offspring#

Atar Ben-Shmuel, Eyal Sheiner, Erez Tsumi, Tamar Wainstock, Dvora Feinblum, Asnat Walfisch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To examine whether early-term delivery impacts on the long-term ophthalmic health of offspring. Methods: A retrospective population-based cohort study was conducted, including all singleton deliveries (1991–2014) occurring at a tertiary medical center. Gestational age was divided into: early prematurity, late prematurity, and early, full, late, and post term. Hospitalizations of offspring up to 18 years of age involving ophthalmic morbidity were evaluated. Survival curves compared cumulative hospitalizations and regression models controlled for confounders. Results: During the study period, 243 363 deliveries met the inclusion criteria. Ophthalmic-related hospitalization rates were lower among early-term born children (1.0%) as compared with early- (2.2%) and late-preterm (1.3%) born children, but higher than those in full- (0.9%), late- (0.8%), and post-term (0.8%) born offspring (P < 0.001). The survival curve demonstrated significantly different hospitalization rates in the different gestational ages (P < 0.001). The regression demonstrated an independent risk for ophthalmic morbidity among early-term born offspring (adjusted hazard ratio 1.14, confidence interval 1.03–1.27, P = 0.009), whereas late- and post-term deliveries were associated with a lower risk (adjusted hazard ratio 0.83 and 0.74, respectively) as compared with full-term deliveries. Conclusion: The risk for long-term ophthalmic-related hospitalizations of offspring gradually declines as gestational age advances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)640-646
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume157
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • eye diseases
  • long-term hospitalization
  • neonatal hospitalization
  • retinopathy of prematurity
  • term gestation

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

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