Drones in Wonderland - Disentangling Collocated Interaction Using Radical Form

Jessica Cauchard, Woody Gover, William Chen, Stephen Cartwright, Ehud Sharlin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We propose the use of radical drone form to modify collocated Human-Drone Interaction (HDI) experiences. Our work suggests that due to the lack of collocated interactive experiences with flying entities, people are more likely to follow HDI metaphors that are not necessarily realistic, and instead relate to the realms of myth, magic, and fantasy. We motivate this interaction design opportunity and contribute a set of collocated HDI design variables that help utilize it. To further investigate our approach, we present the results of two user studies, one using static stimuli (N = 97) and one immersive experience (N = 20), around various drone forms. Our findings suggest that form strongly impacts the ways people perceive drones and their roles. We conclude by reflecting on people's interactive experiences with radical drone forms and a set of derived implications for Human-Drone Interaction design.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)1636-1643
Number of pages8
JournalIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Issue number2
StatePublished - 8 Dec 2021


  • Design and human factors
  • social HRI
  • virtual reality and interfaces

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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