Drones Detection Using a Fusion of RF and Acoustic Features and Deep Neural Networks

Alan Frid, Yehuda Ben-Shimol, Erez Manor, Shlomo Greenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The use of drones has recently gained popularity in a diverse range of applications, such as aerial photography, agriculture, search and rescue operations, the entertainment industry, and more. However, misuse of drone technology can potentially lead to military threats, terrorist acts, as well as privacy and safety breaches. This emphasizes the need for effective and fast remote detection of potentially threatening drones. In this study, we propose a novel approach for automatic drone detection utilizing the usage of both radio frequency communication signals and acoustic signals derived from UAV rotor sounds. In particular, we propose the use of classical and deep machine-learning techniques and the fusion of RF and acoustic features for efficient and accurate drone classification. Distinct types of ML-based classifiers have been examined, including CNN- and RNN-based networks and the classical SVM method. The proposed approach has been evaluated with both frequency and audio features using common drone datasets, demonstrating better accuracy than existing state-of-the-art methods, especially in low SNR scenarios. The results presented in this paper show a classification accuracy of approximately 91% at an SNR ratio of (Formula presented.) dB using the LSTM network and fused features.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number2427
Issue number8
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2024


  • acoustic features
  • data fusion
  • drones detection
  • machine learning
  • radio frequency
  • wavelets transform

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Instrumentation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Biochemistry


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