Doped MXenes—A new paradigm in 2D systems: Synthesis, properties and applications

Avishek Dey, Silvia Varagnolo, Nicholas P. Power, Naresh Vangapally, Yuval Elias, Lois Damptey, Bright N. Jaato, Saianand Gopalan, Zahra Golrokhi, Prashant Sonar, Vimalnath Selvaraj, Doron Aurbach, Satheesh Krishnamurthy

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Since 2011, 2D transition metal carbides, carbonitrides and nitrides known as MXenes have gained huge attention due to their attractive chemical and electronic properties. The diverse functionalities of MXenes make them a promising candidate for multitude of applications. Recently, doping MXene with metallic and non-metallic elements has emerged as an exciting new approach to endow new properties to this 2D systems, opening a new paradigm of theoretical and experimental studies. In this review, we present a comprehensive overview on the recent progress in this emerging field of doped MXenes. We compare the different doping strategies; techniques used for their characterization and discuss the enhanced properties. The distinct advantages of doping in applications such as electrocatalysis, energy storage, photovoltaics, electronics, photonics, environmental remediation, sensors, and biomedical applications is elaborated. Additionally, theoretical developments in the field of electrocatalysis, energy storage, photovoltaics, and electronics are explored to provide key specific advantages of doping along with the underlying mechanisms. Lastly, we present the advantages and challenges of doped MXenes to take this thriving field forward.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101166
JournalProgress in Materials Science
StatePublished - Oct 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science


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