Diffraction limit of light in curved space

Jingxuan Zhang, Chenni Xu, Patrick Sebbah, Li Gang Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Overcoming the diffraction limit is crucial for obtaining high-resolution images and observing fine microstructures. With this conventional difficulty still puzzling us and the prosperous development of wave dynamics of light interacting with gravitational fields in recent years, how spatial curvature affects the diffraction limit is an attractive and important question. Here we investigate the issue of the diffraction limit and optical resolution on two-dimensional curved space—surfaces of revolution (SORs) with constant or variable spatial curvature. We show that the diffraction limit decreases and the resolution is improved on SORs with positive Gaussian curvature, opening a new avenue to super-resolution. The diffraction limit is also influenced by the propagation direction, as well as the propagation distance in curved space with variable spatial curvature.

probing locally the optical resolution.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-243
Number of pages9
JournalPhotonics Research
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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