Diagnosis of canine monocytotropic ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia canis): An overview

Shimon Harrus, Trevor Waner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Canine monocytotropic ehrlichiosis (CME), caused by the rickettsia Ehrlichia canis, an important canine disease with a worldwide distribution. Diagnosis of the disease can be challenging due to its different phases and multiple clinical manifestations. CME should be suspected when a compatible history (living in or traveling to an endemic region, previous tick exposure), typical clinical signs and characteristic hematological and biochemical abnormalities are present. Traditional diagnostic techniques including hematology, cytology, serology and isolation are valuable diagnostic tools for CME, however a definitive diagnosis of E. canis infection requires molecular techniques. This article reviews the current literature covering the diagnosis of infection caused by E. canis.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)292-296
Number of pages5
JournalVeterinary Journal
Volume187
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Keywords

  • Canine monocytotropic ehrlichiosis
  • Diagnosis
  • Ehrlichia canis
  • PCR
  • Serology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • General Veterinary

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