Development of derivational morphological knowledge in monolingual and bilingual children: Effects of modality and lexicality

Tamar Michaly, Anat Prior

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study mapped the trajectory of developing derivational morphological knowledge in Hebrew monolingual and Russian-Hebrew bilingual children. We investigated 2nd and 4th graders, using a two-by-two structure along the dimensions of modality (comprehension, production) and type of word (real-word, pseudo-word). Performance in the morphological analogies comprehension tasks improved with grade, and monolingual and bilingual children performed equally well. A different pattern was evident in production tasks. In real-word production, monolingual children were more accurate than bilingual children, but this group difference narrowed with age. In pseudo-word production, monolingual children used more morphological elements than bilingual children, and there was also a tendency towards group differences narrowing with age. Detailed error analyses across all tasks revealed that monolingual children recruited more morphological elements than bilingual children. We present implications for assessment of morphological knowledge, and suggest that morphological intervention is a promising avenue for promoting bilingual children's success.

Original languageAmerican English
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Child Language
Early online date7 May 2024
DOIs
StatePublished Online - 7 May 2024

Keywords

  • bilingual children
  • derivational
  • morphological knowledge
  • morphology

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • General Psychology

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