Development and Validation of the Coping With Terror Scale

Nathan R. Stein, Yonit Schorr, Brett T. Litz, Lynda A. King, Daniel W. King, Zahava Solomon, Danny Horesh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Terrorism creates lingering anxiety about future attacks. In prior terror research, the conceptualization and measurement of coping behaviors were constrained by the use of existing coping scales that index reactions to daily hassles and demands. The authors created and validated the Coping with Terror Scale to fill the measurement gap. The authors emphasized content validity, leveraging the knowledge of terror experts and groups of Israelis. A multistep approach involved construct definition and item generation, trimming and refining the measure, exploring the factor structure underlying item responses, and garnering evidence for reliability and validity. The final scale comprised six factors that were generally consistent with the authors' original construct specifications. Scores on items linked to these factors demonstrate good reliability and validity. Future studies using the Coping with Terror Scale with other populations facing terrorist threats are needed to test its ability to predict resilience, functional impairment, and psychological distress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-609
Number of pages13
Issue number5
StatePublished - Oct 2013


  • coping
  • measurement
  • mental health
  • scale
  • stress
  • terrorism

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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