Determining topological order from a local ground-state correlation function

Zohar Ringel, Yaacov E. Kraus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Topological insulators are physically distinguishable from normal insulators only near edges and defects, while in the bulk there is no clear signature to their topological order. In this work we show that the Z 2 index of topological insulators and the Z index of the integer quantum Hall effect manifest themselves locally. We do so by providing an algorithm for determining these indices from a local equal time ground-state correlation function at any convenient boundary conditions. Our procedure is unaffected by the presence of disorder and can be naturally generalized to include weak interactions. The locality of these topological indices implies bulk-edge correspondence theorem.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number245115
Number of pages7
JournalPhysical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics
Issue number24
StatePublished - 22 Jun 2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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