De-novo assembly and characterization of the transcriptome of Metschnikowia fructicola reveals differences in gene expression following interaction with Penicillium digitatum and grapefruit peel

Vera Hershkovitz, Noa Sela, Leena Taha-Salaime, Jia Liu, Ginat Rafael, Clarita Kessler, Radi Aly, Maggie Levy, Michael Wisniewski, Samir Droby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The yeast Metschnikowia fructicola is an antagonist with biological control activity against postharvest diseases of several fruits. We performed a transcriptome analysis, using RNA-Seq technology, to examine the response of M. fructicola with citrus fruit and with the postharvest pathogen, Penicillium digitatum.Results: More than 26 million sequencing reads were assembled into 9,674 unigenes. Approximately 50% of the unigenes could be annotated based on homology matches in the NCBI database. Based on homology, sequences were annotated with a gene description, gene ontology (GO term), and clustered into functional groups. An analysis of differential expression when the yeast was interacting with the fruit vs. the pathogen revealed more than 250 genes with specific expression responses. In the antagonist-pathogen interaction, genes related to transmembrane, multidrug transport and to amino acid metabolism were induced. In the antagonist-fruit interaction, expression of genes involved in oxidative stress, iron homeostasis, zinc homeostasis, and lipid metabolism were induced. Patterns of gene expression in the two interactions were examined at the individual transcript level by quantitative real-time PCR analysis (RT-qPCR).Conclusion: This study provides new insight into the biology of the tritrophic interactions that occur in a biocontrol system such as the use of the yeast, M. fructicola for the control of green mold on citrus caused by P. digitatum.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number168
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Antagonist-fruit interaction
  • Antagonist-pathogen interaction
  • Biological agent
  • RNA-seq

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Biotechnology

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