Controlling morphology and charge transfer in ZnO/polythiophene photovoltaic films

Oded Nahor, Tamar Segal-Peretz, Lior Neeman, Dan Oron, Gitti L. Frey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The organic-inorganic interfacial chemical composition and interaction have a critical influence on the performance of corresponding hybrid photovoltaic devices. Such interfaces have been shown to be controlled by using surfactants to promote contact between the organic electron-donating conjugated polymer species and the inorganic electron-accepting metal oxides. However, the location of the surfactant at the organic-inorganic interface often hinders donor-acceptor charge transfer and limits the device performance. In this study we have replaced the conventional surfactant with an optically and electronically active amphiphilic polythiophene that both compatibilizes the conjugated polymer and metal oxide, and plays an active role in the charge generation process. Specifically, a polythiophene with hydrophilic urethane side-groups allows the formation of a fine continuous ZnO network in P3HT with an organic-inorganic interfacial chemical interaction and a high surface area. A combination of FTIR, absorption and photoluminescence life-time spectroscopies yields insights into the composition and nano-scale interaction of the components, while high-resolution electron microscopy reveals the morphology of the films. The control over morphology and electronic coupling at the hybrid interface is manifested in photovoltaic devices with improved performances.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4167-4176
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Issue number21
StatePublished - 7 Jun 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Chemistry


Dive into the research topics of 'Controlling morphology and charge transfer in ZnO/polythiophene photovoltaic films'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this