Continuous deformation based panelization for design rationalization

Elias Jadon, Bernhard Thomaszewski, Aleksandra Anna Apolinarska, Roi Poranne

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contributionpeer-review


Design rationalization is the process of simplifying a 3D shape to enable cost-efficient manufacturing. A common approach is to approximate the input shape by a collection of simple units, such as flat or spherical panels, that are easy to manufacture and simple to assemble. This panelization process typically involves a segmentation step, with each surface patch intended to be replaced by a single unit, followed by an approximation stage, where the final shapes and locations of the units are determined. While optimal panel parameters for given segments are readily determined, the discrete nature of segmentation - assigning surface elements to segments - prevents a continuous design optimization workflow. In this work, we propose a differentiable reformulation of panelization that enables its use in gradient-based design optimization. Our approach is to treat panelization as a smooth optimization problem, whose objective function encourages the surface to locally deform towards best-matching units. This formulation enables a fully-differentiable rationalization process with implicit segmentation in which panels emerge automatically. We integrate our rationalization process in a simple user interface allowing the designer to guide the optimization towards desired panelizations. We demonstrate the potential of our approach on a diverse set of complex shapes and different panel types.

Original languageAmerican English
Title of host publicationProceedings - SIGGRAPH Asia 2022 Conference Papers
EditorsStephen N. Spencer
ISBN (Electronic)9781450394703
StatePublished - 29 Nov 2022
EventSIGGRAPH Asia 2022 - Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques Conference - Asia, SA 2022 - Daegu, Korea, Republic of
Duration: 6 Dec 20229 Dec 2022

Publication series

NameProceedings - SIGGRAPH Asia 2022 Conference Papers


ConferenceSIGGRAPH Asia 2022 - Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques Conference - Asia, SA 2022
Country/TerritoryKorea, Republic of


  • computational fabrication
  • geometry processing

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Human-Computer Interaction
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design


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