Construction of Enzyme Nanoreactors to Enable Tumor Microenvironment Modulation and Enhanced Cancer Treatment

Xiaowen Liu, Yu Hao, Rachela Popovtzer, Liangzhu Feng, Zhuang Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Enzymes play pivotal roles in regulating and maintaining the normal functions of all living systems, and some of them are extensively employed for diagnosis and treatment of diverse diseases. More recently, several kinds of enzymes with unique catalytic activities have been found to be promising options to directly suppress tumor growth and/or augment the therapeutic efficacy of other treatments by modulating the hostile tumor microenvironment (TME), which is reported to negatively impair the therapeutic efficacy of different cancer treatments. In this review, first a summary is presented on the chemical approaches utilized for the construction of distinct enzyme nanoreactors with well-retained catalytic performance and reduced immunogenicity. Then, the utilization of such enzyme nanoreactors in attenuating tumor hypoxia, modulating extracellular matrix, and amplifying tumor oxidative stress is discussed in depth. Afterward, some perspectives are presented on the future development of such enzyme nanoreactors in TME modulation and enhanced cancer treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2001167
JournalAdvanced healthcare materials
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 3 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • TME modulation
  • cancer treatment
  • enzyme nanoreactors

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Pharmaceutical Science

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