Constraints on the Mass, Concentration, and Nonthermal Pressure Support of Six CLASH Clusters from a Joint Analysis of X-Ray, SZ, and Lensing Data

Seth R. Siegel, Jack Sayers, Andisheh Mahdavi, Megan Donahue, Julian Merten, Adi Zitrin, Massimo Meneghetti, Keiichi Umetsu, Nicole G. Czakon, Sunil R. Golwala, Marc Postman, Patrick M. Koch, Anton M. Koekemoer, Kai Yang Lin, Peter Melchior, Sandor M. Molnar, Leonidas Moustakas, Tony K. Mroczkowski, Elena Pierpaoli, Jennifer Shitanishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a joint analysis of Chandra X-ray observations, Bolocam thermal Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect observations, Hubble Space Telescope (HST) strong-lensing data, and HST and Subaru Suprime-Cam weak-lensing data. The multiwavelength data set is used to constrain parametric models for the distribution of dark and baryonic matter in a sample of six massive galaxy clusters selected from the Cluster Lensing And Supernova survey with Hubble (CLASH). For five of the six clusters, the multiwavelength data set is well described by a relatively simple model that assumes spherical symmetry, hydrostatic equilibrium, and entirely thermal pressure support. The joint analysis yields considerably better constraints on the total mass and concentration of the clusters compared to analysis of any one data set individually. The resulting constraints are consistent with simulation-based predictions for the concentration-mass relation. The subsample of five galaxy clusters is used to place an upper limit on the fraction of pressure support in the intracluster medium (ICM) due to nonthermal processes, such as turbulence and bulk flow of the gas. We constrain the nonthermal pressure fraction at r 500c to be <0.11 at 95% confidence. This is in tension with state-of-the-art hydrodynamical simulations, which predict a nonthermal pressure fraction of ≈0.25 at r 500c for clusters of similar mass and redshift. This tension may be explained by the sample selection and/or our assumption of spherical symmetry.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number71
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2018


  • galaxies: clusters: general
  • galaxies: clusters: individual (Abell 383, Abell 611, 1423.8+2404, MACS J1532.8+3021)
  • galaxies: clusters: intracluster medium

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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