Computerized navigation for immediate loading of dental implants with a prefabricated metal frame: A feasibility study

Nardy Casap, Amir Laviv, Alon Wexler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose To study the probability of using Image Guided Implantology (IGI) for planning and execution of a dental plan of 3 implants in a geometric pattern that fits a prefabricated metal frame accurately, simulating provisional restoration in immediate loading. Material and Methods Ten mandible models were imaged by standard computed tomography. Three implants, two in the premolar and one in the molar area on each side of the jaws, were planned by use of the IGI system (Image Navigation Ltd, Moshav Ora, Israel). Two millimeter drilling and subsequent 3 millimeter widening drilling was performed with the real-time computerized navigation technology in the 120 sampling sites. In each step, parallel pins were inserted, and metal gauging frames with preplanned holes of incremental diameters and in the predefined geometric pattern were placed on the pins to evaluate the precision of fit. Results Full success was obtained in fitting all three 3-mm pins, with frames having clearance of 0.5 or 1 mm, and in matching pairs of pins 2 or 3 mm in diameter at clearances of 0.5 mm or greater. With more constrained clearances, matching of all 3 pins was 80% and 95% successful with 2-mm pins (clearance of 0.25 and 0.5 mm, respectively) and 60% and 95% successful with 3-mm pins (clearance of 0 and 0.25 mm, respectively). Some laterality bias was observed. Conclusions This preliminary study shows that the IGI system enables accurate planning of implant number and location to be achieved together with planning for a prefabricated metal frame for immediate loading.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)512-519
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2011
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Oral Surgery
  • Otorhinolaryngology


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