Complexity, Responsibility and Care: An Intertwined Perspective on Planning

Yael Savaya, Nurit Alfasi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The search for a good planning theory to underpin just and effective practice, and thereby narrow the growing gap between theory and practice, has been central to literature on planning since the mid-twentieth century. This paper brings together three seemingly unrelated urban planning perspectives and shows that combining them could provide a complete, feasible approach to planning. Complexity theory offers code-based planning regulations appropriate for multi-agent urban dynamics. The responsibility model contributes negotiation-based decision-making suitable for situations with multiple agents. Ethics of care outlines how to evaluate planning tools and policies in ways that dignify all human agents.

Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)511-527
Number of pages17
JournalPlanning Theory and Practice
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Planning theory
  • complexity theory
  • ethics of care
  • model of responsibility

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geography, Planning and Development


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