Complete polarization control in multimode fibers with polarization and mode coupling

Wen Xiong, Chia Wei Hsu, Yaron Bromberg, Jose Enrique Antonio-Lopez, Rodrigo Amezcua Correa, Hui Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Multimode optical fibers have seen increasing applications in communication, imaging, high-power lasers, and amplifiers. However, inherent imperfections and environmental perturbations cause random polarization and mode mixing, causing the output polarization states to be different from the input polarization states. This difference poses a serious issue for employing polarization-sensitive techniques to control light–matter interactions or nonlinear optical processes at the distal end of a fiber probe. Here, we demonstrate complete control of polarization states for all output channels by only manipulating the spatial wavefront of a laser beam into the fiber. Arbitrary polarization states for individual output channels are generated by wavefront shaping without constraining the input polarization. The strong coupling between the spatial and polarization degrees of freedom in a multimode fiber enables full polarization control with the spatial degrees of freedom alone; thus, wavefront shaping can transform a multimode fiber into a highly efficient reconfigurable matrix of waveplates for imaging and communication applications.

Original languageAmerican English
Article number54
JournalLight: Science and Applications
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2018

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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