Competition between Kondo screening and magnetism at the LaAlO3 / SrTiO3 interface

Jonathan Ruhman, Arjun Joshua, Shahal Ilani, Ehud Altman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We present a theory of magnetic and magnetotransport phenomena at LaAlO3/SrTiO3 interfaces, which as a central ingredient includes coupling between the conduction bands and local magnetic moments originating from charge traps at the interface. Tuning the itinerant electron density in the model drives transitions between a heavy Fermi liquid phase with screened moments and various magnetic states. The dependence of the magnetic phenomena on the electron density or gate voltage stems from competing magnetic interactions between the local moments and the different conduction bands. At low densities only the lowest conduction band, composed of the dxy orbitals of Ti, is occupied. Its antiferromagnetic interaction with the local moments leads to screening of the moments at a Kondo scale that increases with density. However, above a critical density, measured in experiments to be nc≈1.7×1013cm-2, the dxz and dyz bands begin to populate. Their ferromagnetic interaction with the local moments competes with the antiferromagnetic interaction of the dxy band leading to eventual reduction of the Kondo scale with density. We explain the distinct magnetotransport regimes seen in experiments as manifestations of the magnetic phase diagram computed from the model. We present data showing a relation between the anomalous Hall effect and the resistivity in the system. The data strongly suggest that the concentration of local magnetic moments affecting the transport in the system is much lower than the carrier density, in accord with the theoretical model.

Original languageEnglish
Article number125123
JournalPhysical Review B
Issue number12
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2014

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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