Collaborative Crossed D signμ-Rulemaking, Democratic Bots, and the Future of Digital Democracy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article focuses on "deliberative e-rulemaking": digital consultation processes that seek to facilitate public deliberation over policy or regulatory proposals [1, 2]. The main challenge of Crossed D signμ-rulemaking platforms is to support an "intelligent"deliberative process that enables decision makers to identify a wide range of options, weigh the relevant considerations, and develop epistemically responsible solutions. This article discusses and critiques two approaches to this challenge: The Cornell RegulationRoom project and model of computationally assisted regulatory participation by Livermore et al. It then proceeds to explore two alternative approaches to e-rulemaking: One is based on the implementation of collaborative, wiki-styled tools. This article discusses the findings of an experiment, which was conducted at Bar-Ilan University and explored various aspects of a wiki-based collaborative Crossed D signμ-rulemaking system. The second approach follows a more futuristic approach, focusing on the potential development of autonomous, artificial democratic agents. This article critically discusses this alternative, also in view of the recent debate regarding the idea of "augmented democracy."

Original languageEnglish
Article number3352463
JournalDigital Government: Research and Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - 18 Feb 2020


  • Collaborative Crossed D signμ-rulemaking
  • augmented democracy
  • digital democracy
  • e-democracy artificial agents
  • public good
  • social bots

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Public Administration
  • Information Systems
  • Software
  • Computer Networks and Communications


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